Liabilities Meaning, List Top 3 Types of Liabilities in Accounting

Liability Accounts List Of Examples

Paying with a credit card is considered borrowing too, unless you pay off the balance before the end of the month. And a business loan or getting a mortgage business real estate definitely count as liabilities. Many companies choose to issuebondsto the public in order to finance future growth. Bonds are essentially contracts to pay the bondholders the face amount plus interest on the maturity date.

Liability Accounts List Of Examples

This is a liability account that contains the amount owed to bondholders by the issuer. Bills payable – These bills generally include utility bills, i.e., Electricity bill, water https://www.wave-accounting.net/ bill, maintenance bills, which are payable. These taxes are collected by tax authorities from respective employers and paid for human welfare schemes, infrastructure development.

Liabilities in Accounting

The income tax that is due to be paid to the government authorities becomes due at the end of the accounting year but many times paid after the end of the accounting year. Therefore, the current year taxes payable remains outstanding at the end of the accounting year. Bonds or mortgages can be used to finance a company’s projects. Non-current liabilities are critical to understanding the overall liquidity and capital structure of a company. If companies cannot repay their long-term liabilities as they become due, the company will face a solvency crisis and potential bankruptcy.

  • Companies will segregate their liabilities by their time horizon for when they are due.
  • These taxes are collected by tax authorities from respective employers and paid for human welfare schemes, infrastructure development.
  • A Retained Earnings account is used to record the earnings of a corporation and to record when earnings are given back to the owners in the form of dividends.
  • These include loans, legal debts or other obligations that arise in the course of business operations.
  • Short-term debt is typically the total of debt payments owed within the next year.

Current liabilities can be found on the right side of a balance sheet, across from the assets. In most cases, you will see a list of types of current liabilities and the amount owed in each category. Then, you’ll see a total figure that shows all of the current liabilities. Balance sheet accounts tend to follow a standard that lists the most liquid assets first.


Expenses can be paid immediately with cash, or the payment could be delayed which would create a liability. Noncurrent liabilities, or long-term liabilities, are debts that are not due within a year. List your long-term liabilities separately on your balance sheet.

Liability Accounts List Of Examples

For a company this size, this is often used as operating capital for day-to-day operations rather than funding larger items, which would be better suited using long-term debt. Many companies purchase inventory on credit from vendors or supplies. When the supplier delivers the inventory, the company usually has 30 days to pay for it. This obligation to pay is referred to as payments on account or accounts payable. These current liabilities are sometimes referred to as “notes payable.” They are the most important items under the current liabilities section of the balance sheet.

Uses of Current Liabilities

The debt is unsecured and is typically used to finance short-term or current liabilities such as accounts payables or to buy inventory. Unlike assets and liabilities, expenses are related to revenue, and both are listed on a company’s income statement. The equation to calculate net income is revenues minus expenses. In general, a liability is an obligation between one party and another not yet completed or paid for. Current liabilities are usually considered short-term and non-current liabilities are long-term .

Liability Accounts List Of Examples

Another type is referred to as contingent liabilities, which means the item may become a liability, depending on the circumstances. Your business balance sheet gives you a snapshot of your company’s finances and shows your assets, liabilities, and equity. Unlike most other liabilities, unearned revenue or deferred revenue doesn’t involve direct borrowing. Your business has unearned revenue when a customer pays for goods or services in advance.

Contingent liabilities

Income taxes payable is your business’s income tax obligation that you owe to the government. Examples of accrued expenses include interest owed on loans payable, cost of electricity used , repair expenses that occurred at the end of the accounting period , etc. Companies will segregate their liabilities by their time horizon for when they are due. Current liabilities are due within a year and are often paid for using current assets. Non-current liabilities are due in more than one year and most often include debt repayments and deferred payments. AT&T clearly defines its bank debt that is maturing in less than one year under current liabilities.

What are five examples of liabilities?

Liabilities include any debts or bills owed to others. Some common liabilities in business include payroll, utilities, rent payments, interest owed to lenders, and orders listed in accounts payable that is owed to customers.

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